Uganda SSP Weekly Newsletter – week of dec 2nd
Hello, and welcome to the IFPRI Uganda Strategy Support Program’s weekly news digest.
This weekly collection of recent news articles related to agriculture in Uganda is compiled from online news sources. We also include links to recent publications on agricultural and policy-related research topics pertinent to Uganda.
In news this week, both good news and bad news on Northern Uganda. Furthermore, Mps stress the importance of agriculture.
Under agricultural and food policy related research, we provide links to papers on:
- Who Owns the Land? Perspectives from Rural Ugandans and Implications for Large-Scale Land Acquisitions
- Gender, agroforestry and food security in Africa
Thank you, and enjoy.
Increase in temperatures and unpredictable changes in rainy and dry seasons are some of the signs of climate change in Uganda. Different crops will be affected differently, for instance, maize will have an increase in aflatoxins but banana will be less vulnerable. The climate change effects are already being felt and agriculture is a sector that has to adapt to the impacts of this phenomenon. Findings of a study carried out in six districts provide a picture of likely scenarios.
MPs have asked government to design concrete measures geared towards improving the agriculture sector as a backbone of Uganda’s economy.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). Moving forward on Africa’s development agenda, partners and stakeholders need to hold each other accountable on progress made against the commitments to achieving explicit goals, such as halving poverty by 2015, spending 10% of public expenditure on agriculture, and reaching a 6% agricultural growth rate. Having a mechanism in place to regularly review and assess results and performances will be a major challenge in many African countries.
East African Business News
Dfid has given a financial boost of £1M (about Ush4b) to 12 districts in North and Eastern Uganda to improve food and incomes among 1,600 farmers. Send a Cow Uganda (SACU), a local NGO with over 25 years experience in livelihoods improvement across the country will implement the three year grant. Send a Cow Uganda works with vulnerable people in Uganda to overcome poverty and malnutrition in a sustainable and gender responsive manner through climate sensitive agriculture and animal production; economic empowerment; and self sustaining farmer groups.
Evelyne Kiptot, Steven Franzel, Ann Degrande, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 6(2): 104-109
This paper reviews agroforestry's contribution to food security from a gender perspective. Emphasis is placed on women's contribution relative to men and the challenges they face. Agroforestry practices examined include fodder shrubs, ‘fertilizer trees’ and indigenous fruit trees. In examining the practices, we highlight women's and men's involvement in management, utilization and marketing of agroforestry products. The review shows that agroforestry makes a substantial contribution to food security. Furthermore, women are as actively involved as men; however, their level of participation and benefits are constrained by cultural norms and lack of resources. For women to benefit fully from agroforestry and hence contribute to food security, various policies, technological and institutional interventions are recommended.
Cheryl Doss, Ruth Meinzen-Dick & Allan Bomuhangi, Feminist Economics
Rapidly growing demand for agricultural land is putting pressure on property-rights systems, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, where customary tenure systems have provided secure land access. Rapid and large-scale demands from outsiders are challenging patterns of gradual, endogenous change toward formalization. Little attention has focused on the gender dimensions of this transformation. However this contribution, based on a 2008–09 study of land tenure in Uganda, analyzes how different definitions of land ownership – including household reports, existence of ownership documents, and rights over the land – provide very different indications of the gendered patterns of land ownership and rights. While many households report husbands and wives as joint owners of the land, women are less likely to be listed on ownership documents, and have fewer rights. A simplistic focus on “title” to land misses much of the reality regarding land tenure and could have an adverse impact on women's land rights.