New study by IFPRI Kampala staff
Nassul Kabunga, associate research fellow of IFPRI based in the Kampala office, published a new study entitled "Can smallholder fruit and vegetable production systems improve household food security and nutritional status of women? Evidence from rural Uganda". The study is co-authored with Shibani Ghosh and Jeffrey Griffiths from Tufts University.
The paper aims to empirically infer potential causal linkages between fruit and vegetable ( F&V) production, individual F&V intake, household food security , and anemia levels for individual women caregivers of childbearing age. Using a unique and rich dataset recently collected from rural smallholder Ugandan households, we show that the use of a qualitative tool to measure household food insecurity is robust and applicable in other contexts. We also show , using robust econometric methods , that women living in F&V - producer households have a significantly higher intake of F&V s than those living in non producer households. Furthermore, F&V - producer households are potentially more food secure , and women caregivers in producer households have significantly higher levels of hemoglobin, rendering the prevalence rates of anemia lower among F&V - producer households. We argue that these effects, modest as they are, could be further improved if there were deliberate efforts to promote the intensification of smallholder F&V production.
The paper can be downloaded here.