This weekly collection of recent news articles related to agriculture is compiled from online news sources. We also include links to recent publications on agricultural and policy-related research topics pertinent to Uganda.
In news this week, we report on Uganda given sh48bn for climate change project. In addition, there is more news on the Government to promote use of fertilisers and Why farmers should apply technology in their business among others.
Under agricultural and food policy related research, we provide links to papers on:
- Relative Undernourishment and Food Insecurity Associations with Plasmodium falciparum Among Batwa Pygmies in Uganda: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Survey
- Taking Complexity in Food Systems Seriously: An Interdisciplinary Analysis
Also, the Journal of Development Studies just published a special issue on Agricultural Development. In it, there a few articles by members of the Kampala research community! We highlight some below.
Nassul Kabunga, associate research fellow of IFPRI based in the Kampala office, published a new study entitled "Can smallholder fruit and vegetable production systems improve household food security and nutritional status of women? Evidence from rural Uganda". The study is co-authored with Shibani Ghosh and Jeffrey Griffiths from Tufts University.
The paper aims to empirically infer potential causal linkages between fruit and vegetable ( F&V) production, individual F&V intake, household food security , and anemia levels for individual women caregivers of childbearing age. Using a unique and rich dataset recently collected from rural smallholder Ugandan households, we show that the use of a qualitative tool to measure household food insecurity is robust and applicable in other contexts. We also show , using robust econometric methods , that women living in F&V - producer households have a significantly higher intake of F&V s than those living in non producer households. Furthermore, F&V - producer households are potentially more food secure , and women caregivers in producer households have significantly higher levels of hemoglobin, rendering the prevalence rates of anemia lower among F&V - producer households. We argue that these effects, modest as they are, could be further improved if there were deliberate efforts to promote the intensification of smallholder F&V production.
The paper can be downloaded here.
We are pleased to invite you to the next CGIAR-Uganda Research-seminar at IITA/IFPRI, Naguru East Road plot 15, Kampala on Wednesday 7nd of May from 14.00 to 15.00 PM
Influence of the diversity in farms growing coffee on the use of recommended coffee management practices in Uganda
Ghislaine Bongers, associate professional officer, IITA
Many smallholder farm systems in Uganda produce coffee as an important cash crop. Yet coffee yields are poor. To increase farmers' production, a range of agronomic practices have been recommended by national and international agencies, but the adoption potential of recommendations differ between farm systems. To understand the differences in adoption potential of recommended coffee management practices in Uganda, we provide a typology of farm systems with coffee, assess the diversity between the farm types, and evaluate the current use of existing management recommendations for each farm type. Through factor analysis and cluster analysis of farms producing coffee, we identified five farm types: large coffee farms, farms with off-farm activities, coffee-dependent farms, diversified farms, and banana-coffee farms. The farm types are based on differences in size, and in the relative contributions of coffee, banana and off-farm labour to total household income. They also differ in the availability of the resources labour, land and cash, in coffee production and revenue, and in current use of most recommended practices. Qualitative analysis indicates that farm types have different constraints and opportunities to adopt recommendations. Our results highlight that an analysis of different farm systems with coffee production, a level beyond the 'coffee farmer community' as a homogenous entity, is important in order to understand the scope for success or failure of recommended practices.
Please note that the *next* CGIAR-Uganda Research- seminar will be on Wednesday June 4rd, 2014, 14.00 PM.
If you are interested to present at a CGIAR-Uganda Research-seminar, please let us know!
CGIAR-Kampala research seminars take place every first wednesday of the month between 2 and 3 pm. They are born out of the desire of a group of researchers to discuss their research in depth to peers, as opposed to presenting summaries and policy recommendations in our daily outreach to policy makers. As such, potential presenters should not shy away from more technical issues that they want comments and feedback on.